After Emmanuel Macron’s re-election on April 24, it’s time for the legislative elections! If some opposition candidates see it as an opportunity for a “third round” of the presidential election, the legislative elections of June 12 and 19 will elect the 577 deputies who make up the National Assembly, one of the two chambers (with the Senate).

The deputies are elected by direct universal suffrage (the citizen votes individually and by secret ballot), uninominal (only one candidate is elected, not a list) majority (candidate who obtains the most votes). An exception, however, under the Fifth Republic: in 1986, President François Mitterrand decided to apply the departmental proportional vote (and not integral). Once elected, they represent the nation and their constituency: there are therefore as many constituencies as deputies (577) – moreover, this is the reason why we speak of “the” legislative, unlike “the presidential election where only one candidate is elected.

To be elected on the first ballot, the candidate must obtain an absolute majority of the votes cast in the constituency where he is running and a number of votes at least equal to 25% of the number of electors. In other words, if there are 100 registered, and 50 people actually vote, the candidate will be elected in the 1st round if he obtains the majority of these 50, that is to say 26 votes for him. On the other hand, if only 30 people vote and he obtains 20 votes, he will not be elected in the first round, although he has received 60% of the votes cast, because this result does not cover the minimum of 25% of registered voters.

In the second round, the candidate who obtains the most votes is elected, regardless of whether this represents the majority of those registered or not.

To run for the legislative elections, the candidate must be at least 18 years old, be of French nationality and not present any conditions of ineligibility. If he ticks all the boxes, he will be able to submit his candidacy to the prefecture from Monday May 16, 2022 to Friday May 20, 2022 at 6 p.m., and enter the campaign from May 30.

These elections also have a financial interest for political parties. In fact, to be eligible for funding, a party must make its accounts public and win at least 1% of the vote in at least 50 of the 577 constituencies. The funding amounts to 1.50 euros on average per voter per year for 5 years. In other words, if a party gets 1 million votes nationally, it will benefit from around 1.5 million euros per year for 5 years. Hence the interest, for the various coalitions, of presenting a maximum of candidates.

In addition to this first method of financing, there is an annual amount reserved for parties that obtain seats in the Assembly. This amount is approximately 37,000 euros per MEP. This means that if a party wins the election in 10 constituencies, so it has 10 deputies in the Assembly, it will receive 10 times 37,000 euros per year for 5 years, until the next legislative elections. A way for some to reimburse the expenses of the presidential campaign…


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