At first glance it seems paradoxical: With 796,000 newborns in Germany in 2021, more children were born than in 25 years – and yet the Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB) speaks of the highest birth deficit since the end of the Second World War.

This can be explained by another development that has been going on since 1971: Since then, the annual number of deaths has exceeded that of births. This deficit has been widening since the late 1980s and is the result of a society made up of an increasing proportion of old people. As the BiB also states, the effect is intensified by the corona mortality – but the long-term demographic trend is decisive.

Although Germany had a birth deficit for the 50th year in a row in 2021, the population has increased by more than four million people since 1972. This development, too, is only seemingly paradoxical: it is due to immigration from abroad.


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