The Summit of the Americas to be held next month in Los Angeles is becoming a diplomatic headache for the government of Joe Biden: Alberto Fernández, president of Argentina, has joined the pressure of his Mexican counterpart, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, so that Washington invites Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua, three countries excluded by the White House due to their lack of democratic credentials.

“My intention is to go, but I ask the organizers the same thing that López Obrador asks of them, to invite all the countries of Latin America,” Fernández said during an interview with Deutsche Welle shortly after meeting with the German chancellor, Olaf Scholz, in Berlin.

Fernández’s foreign policy has been zigzagging on the issue of Venezuela and Nicaragua, with condemnations and abstentions depending on the forum in question. The Biden administration, however, exerts considerable pressure on the Fernández administration, to which it points out one fact: Argentina chairs the United Nations Human Rights Council.

“As democratic leaders, the United States, Brazil, and Argentina have a responsibility to uphold democratic principles and order based on law,” a State Department official told this reporter in February. “As long as Argentina holds the presidency of the United Nations Human Rights Council, it has, as president, an added responsibility to be a leader on human rights issues.”

But Fernández is also conditioned by his status as president pro tempore of CELAC, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, for which he was unanimously elected a few months ago, including the votes of Havana, Caracas and Managua.

“As the pro tempore Presidency of CELAC, we urge the organizers of the Summit to avoid exclusions that prevent all the voices of the hemisphere from dialoguing and being heard. United we are stronger”, the site of the regional forum published earlier this month. . CELAC, which could be seen as an Organization of American States (OAS) without the United States and Canada, is, in reality, a forum for dialogue and consultation without institutions or executive functions.

Jen Psaki, until now Biden’s spokesperson, said this week that the “official invitations” to the Summit had not yet been sent, which opens up a possibility that what the governments of Mexico, Argentina and also the of Bolivia: that everyone be invited and that each sovereign state decides whether to go to Los Angeles or not.

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